In my final blog post, I will be concluding my Frankenstein thoughts on how I believe that Victor was the real murderer not the monster. I will also share about Marxist theories Mary Shelley developed throughout Frankenstein. Lastly, some of the potential themes of the novel.
Was the monster the real killer of Victor’s friends and family, or could Victor be the one to blame? Throughout the novel, it is very clear that the monster has a hate towards Victor because being his creator, he can’t except him and treat him as a normal being. This makes the monster furious and leads him to killing Victor’s close friends and family, despite getting revenge. The monster threatens Victor yet again and promises to leave him and his family alone if he will make him a significant other. However, Victor fails to do so, and the monster continues his murderous journey. “the wretch saw me destroy the creature on whose future existence he depended for happiness, and with a howl of devilish despair and revenge withdrew.” (180) Victor chose to make the monster unhappy repeatedly, and he knew the consequences he would face. He knew his loved ones would be in danger yet, he excepted the risk. He chose for them to be murdered, he could’ve stopped it. I fully believe Victor was the murderer, he had several chances to stop the monster, though, every time he let it happen. “Trust your own instinct. Your mistakes might as well be your own, instead of someone else’s.” That quote really symbolizes Victor’s choices he made. He could have stopped the monster from murdering his family, however, he didn’t, and that was his own mistake. Let’s put ourselves in Victors shoes, shall we? If you had already made one monster, how hard would it really be to make another? Especially knowing that you would be protecting a loved one from being murdered. Of course, you would love to make another monster, to not only give your first monster the satisfactory of a real loved one, but to also save your brother, sister, mother, father or wife from being killed. Victor had a choice, although he chose to not comply with the circumstances and therefore suffered the feelings of his family dying because of himself, Victor, the REAL murderer.
Mary Shelley develops Marxism in the novel. Marxism “a device for the exploitation of the masses by a dominant class, that class struggle has been the main agency of historical change.” Where I seemed to have found evidence of Marxism in the novel was between Victor and the monster. Victor lived quite the high-class life. They had a big home in Geneva, and Victor was able to go to school with no worries of anything or money shortage. However, the monster lived in poverty, he was alone with only the cloak he found in the woods, and the food he could find in nature. He knew that there were people living better then him, although he made do with what he had and tried living happily. The novel shows both points of view from the Marxism spectrum. The monster to me was more seen as an object that Victor “owned” rather than his own being. The monster had many struggles in life and then on the other side of the fence, Victor lived home free. Living rejected from society is one of the many forms of Marxism which the monster portrays. “I was poor, helpless, miserable wretch; I knew, and could distinguish, nothing.” (109) The monster suffered from the time he was brought into the world. He wasn’t privileged like Victor was and really did not have a choice in the way he was brought up. “Food, however, became scarce, and I often spent the whole day searching in vain for a few acorns to assuage the pangs of hunger.” (111) The monster was what you called the “working class,” he spent countless hours in the woods, making fires to stay warm, and searching for food. He didn’t have a dinner set out for him every night, he worked to survive and strive ahead. Victor displays that he is better than the monster and stands above him in the social and political class aspect. In my eyes the monster symbolizes the lower class and poor point of view of Marxism. He is not treated as a being, rather an object owned by Victor.
The novel shows many different themes, I am going to further explain a few that appeared to me. First let’s look at revenge. Already talked about in this post was how the monster used revenge against Victor when he didn’t make him another monster, so he killed his wife. The monster wasn’t excepted by the humans, his feelings turned to rage and despair. Therefore, since Victor was the cause of his nonacceptance he turned evil and revenge was his solution on his creator. “revenge remains revenge… I may die but first you… It is well. I go; but remember, I shall be with you on your wedding-night.” (182) However, the monster wasn’t the only one who used revenge. Victors choice of not creating another monster for his first monster to be happy seemed to me like this was his way of getting revenge. “begone! I do break my promise; never will I create another like yourself, equal in deformity, and wickedness.” (181) Since the monster had already murdered Victor’s brother William and friend Henry Clerval, Victor broke his promise and decided not to create another. Both characters showed a great deal of revenge throughout the novel, also some payback of revenge on Victor’s behalf. Another theme that stuck out to me was isolation. Both Victor and the monster suffered from isolation, loneliness, and being stuck in remote places. “Two years passed in this manner, during which I paid no visit to Geneva.” (51) Victor was so caught up in making his monster and attending school, that he never paid a visit home for two whole years. “winter, spring, and summer passed away during my labors; but I did not watch the blossom or the expanding leaves.” (56) Victor spent three whole seasons indoors, isolated and lonely. Creating a monster in his apartment, away from all civilization. Wouldn’t you go crazy being alone for that long? It would be a dark and depressing time for me, especially if I wasn’t able to watch any of the seasons change. “I was free now… I took the boat and passed many hours on the water…I was tempted to plunge into the silent lake, that the waters might close over me and my calamities forever.” (95) Both Victor and the monster often turned to nature when times fell hard, in which I don’t blame them. When I have a bad day or need to get away for a while a walk somewhere is always a good way to clear the mind. On the other hand, when they turn to isolation all the time, and spend countless hours, days or months alone, you know that they’re suffering. The monster additionally suffered from isolation, well for his whole life. From being abandoned on his first look at life, shamed for being ugly and different by the villagers, he ran away to nature and lived alone in a cave for many months. “shall each man, find a wife for his bosom, and each beast have his mate, and I be alone?” (182) The monster strives to be happy and find himself a wife, however, his needs could not be meet. Both Victor and his monster suffered isolation, living very different lives, yet being lonely in the same ways.
“Marxism.” Dictionary.com, Dictionary.com, www.dictionary.com/browse/marxism.
Shelley, Mary Wollstonecraft, et al. Frankenstein, or, The Modern Prometheus. Signet Classics, 2013
Ditkoff, Mitch. “50 Awesome Quotes on Risk Taking.” The Huffington Post, TheHuffingtonPost.com, 29 Sept. 2017, www.huffingtonpost.com/mitch-ditkoff/50-awesome-quotes-on-risk_b_2078573.html.
“Elements 14-26.” Frankenstein Website – Home, frankensteinthework.weebly.com/elements-14-26.html.